Your Guide to the Types of Digital Marketing + Tips and Trends to Look Out For

Geri Mileva
Last Updated:

In today's digital era, brands are capitalizing on digital marketing to adapt to the fast-paced business environment. Effective digital marketing is vital as it broadens your reach, escalates brand visibility, enlarges your customer base, strengthens customer loyalty, and enhances your ROI. Best of all, it gives you measurable results, allowing you to assess the effectiveness of your marketing efforts.

As you begin your digital marketing journey, you’ll encounter many techniques and methods and you may ask yourself questions like, which one should I use? Can I use multiple types at once? What will the future of digital marketing look like? We’ve got you covered. This article discusses the different types of digital marketing and will demonstrate how you can use one or two (or even three or more) digital marketing types to bolster your overall marketing strategy. 


Types of Digital Marketing + Their Pros and Cons

Varieties of Digital Marketing

Content Marketing

Content marketing is a strategy that aims to develop and distribute relevant content, such as blogs, videos, emails, and newsletters to promote a business’s products or services. It is a powerful tool for cultivating brand awareness and fostering trust with your audience, while also serving as an educational resource. It is also a cost-effective approach, being 62% less expensive than traditional marketing methods, yet it generates leads that are six times more likely to convert. This effectiveness is why 73% of B2B marketers and 70% of B2C marketers have made content marketing a crucial component of their overall strategy.

Personalization in content marketing has proven to be a key driver, capable of increasing sales opportunities by as much as 20%. A prime example of this is Coca-Cola’s “Share a Coke” campaign in 2011. This strategy significantly boosted the brand's sales, with a 2.5% increase in the US and a 7% rise in consumption among young adults in Australia. The campaign was so successful that it earned several accolades at the Cannes Lions Awards. The content marketing strategy behind this campaign was multifaceted: it involved creating TV and online video content targeted at teenagers, digital takeovers, and collaborations with influencers and teen idols to create content centered around the theme of “Share a Coke”. The experiential nature of the campaign led to a significant positive impact on the brand's sales.

Pros

  • Great for building brand awareness and cultivating customer trust and loyalty.

  • A cost-effective means to expand brand reach and target ad-averse consumers.

  • Can be used in tandem with or to support other digital marketing tactics.

Cons 

  • Results aren’t immediate and it can be a time-consuming endeavor.

  • The effectiveness of your content marketing tactics will largely depend on your team’s resources and skills. 

  • Measuring the impact of content marketing can be tricky, given that consumers are likely to encounter your brand in many ways and can engage with multiple touchpoints before they convert. 


Search Engine Optimization (SEO)

With SEO, you can improve your site’s ranking on Search Engine Results Pages (SERPs) to boost not just your visibility but also your reach. SEO is also about providing users with better experiences by optimizing your website’s structure and navigation. 

There are several types of SEO you can use to enhance your digital marketing efforts. These include on-page and off-page SEO, local SEO, and technical SEO. Each focuses on specific aspects of your website. For example, technical SEO improves your site’s technical aspects so that it becomes more visible, while on-page SEO focuses on optimizing each of your web pages so that they gain more relevant traffic. 

One good example of how a company effectively uses SEO for digital marketing is Grammarly. Instead of purchasing traffic, which could cost around $5 million monthly, Grammarly implemented an SEO strategy. This resulted in roughly 7.8 million (or 38.6%) of their website's 22.2 million monthly visits coming from branded organic search traffic (search queries with "Grammarly"). Grammarly's blog, which is regularly updated, contributes 50.3% of the website's traffic. Regular updates to Grammarly's top-performing posts have significantly impacted search traffic. For instance, after updating a post published in 2022, the traffic it receives jumped from around 1.5K per month to approximately 16K.

Ahrefs SEO
Ahrefs

Pros

  • You get real, measurable results that you can monitor using tools like Google Analytics.

  • SEO can boost your targeted traffic and grow your revenue.

  • It helps improve your online presence, builds your brand’s authority, and enhances your conversion rate. 

Cons 

  • Like content marketing, it can take some time before you see results.

  • You’re bound to encounter relevant keywords with high competition.


Pay-Per-Click (PPC) Advertising

PPC advertising involves bidding on keywords to improve your targeting and get more focused responses from your target audience. It’s an advertising model that’s commonly used in search engines, allowing marketers to bid or pay for ad placement in sponsored links. So, when someone searches for a particular keyword that matches what your brand is offering, your ad will likely appear on top of SERPs. When done well, PPC can lead to significant user engagement, with 65% of high-intent searches resulting in clicks. 

Brands that use PPC advertising effectively can achieve significant results. For example, athletic fashion brand 686 leveraged PPC using strategies like location-based targeting and optimizing their shopping campaigns and product feed. This resulted in a boost in their SEM revenue (562% YoY), ROAS (+303%), and over 186% increase in their conversion rate. 

Pros

  • PPC advertising can improve your brand’s exposure and visibility while enabling you to run multiple campaigns for different keywords.

  • You get better click-through rates and increased conversions, which translates to improved revenue.

Cons

  • There’s no guarantee that clicks and visits will translate to sales. You will still need to convince visitors to convert them into paying customers.

  • Tracking your results can be tricky, especially if you’re running your PPC campaigns on autopilot instead of checking the performance of your ads regularly. 


Social Media Marketing (SMM)

Social media is now a powerful marketing tool, allowing businesses to reach a wider audience, increase engagement, and leverage targeted advertising. About 76% of users turn to social media for product research, making it a powerful channel for brand discovery. Furthermore, social platforms enable brands to connect with users in real time, allowing them to build and nurture relationships with customers. Plus, SMM can be used in tandem with other types of digital marketing, such as influencer marketing.

Apple’s “Shot on iPhone” campaign, which was initially launched in 2015, primarily leveraged social media marketing, alongside other digital marketing types like influencer marketing and print ads. This campaign helped the company achieve groundbreaking results, such as increased user engagement (70 million interactions) and improved brand perception. The campaign lasted for years and inspired many other iterations of the "Shot on iPhone" campaign, encompassing phone models like the iPhone X and iPhone XR. Apple further enhanced its social media marketing strategy by creating a specific channel for the campaign, encouraging users to share their own "Shot on iPhone" photos and tag them with the "#shotoniphone" hashtag.

Pros

  • Different social platforms provide access to valuable insights and data analytics on your customers.

  • Allows brands to create organic content, as well as content that has the potential to become viral.

Cons

  • Results aren’t immediate and you can receive unfavorable comments or reviews from your audience that can negatively affect your reputation.

  • Requires consistent and proactive effort to maintain audience engagement. That’s because social media, particularly platform algorithms, is prone to change and not being able to pivot your SMM strategy accordingly can result in you losing your competitive advantage and not being relevant to your target audience.


Email Marketing

Whether you’re sending out survey emails, seasonal emails, or welcome emails, email marketing allows brands to establish and strengthen customer relationships, drive brand awareness, and generate leads and conversions. About 46% of marketers believe that email marketing is crucial to lead generation, while 47% consider it essential for lead nurturing. When done effectively, brands that use email marketing can boost their email open rate, grow their contacts list, and significantly increase their sign-up rate

Pros

  • Cost-effective strategy that can potentially generate high ROI.

  • Can be automated to reduce workload and increase efficiency.

  • A great way to collect customer feedback. 

Cons

  • Businesses can encounter issues with spam and undelivered and unopened emails. 

  • You need to comply with email regulations and data privacy laws, which can be tricky if you have a global audience.


Affiliate Marketing

In affiliate marketing, brands pay affiliate partners a commission for every sale they generate. The affiliate partner, such as an influencer, promotes the brand’s products using a unique affiliate link. When someone makes a purchase using that link, the affiliate will earn a commission. 

More than 80% of brands already use affiliate marketing and consider it as an effective way to reach and engage new customers. Some of the most well-known and successful affiliate marketing programs include Fiverr’s affiliate program, which offers affiliate partners commissions ranging from 25% to 100% of their customer’s first order. For future orders within a 12-month timeframe, the affiliates receive a 10% revenue share. Note that commission percentages will vary depending on the type of Fiverr products or services that affiliates are promoting. Aside from commissions, affiliates also get access to marketing tools, professional support, and intuitive dashboards.

Pros

  • Enables brands to reach a new audience, improve their exposure, and build brand recognition. 

  • Helps brands collect important information from customers, such as their purchasing behavior, which can help brands gain insights into a particular demographic’s needs and demands. 

Cons 

  • Bad actors who post false advertising can harm your brand’s reputation. 

  • For businesses, costs can quickly add up. Aside from commission, you may need to pay additional fees, especially if you’re using affiliate networks.


Influencer Marketing 

Influencer marketing has greatly changed the marketing landscape, prompting brands to shift from traditional advertising media to digital marketing, strengthening the case for personalization, and using social media platforms to engage their audiences. 

About 90% of our survey respondents agree that influencer marketing is an effective marketing strategy. Brands that are leveraging influencer marketing include Nike, which collaborates with content creators, Subaru, which partnered with 20 influencers for their "Meet an Owner" campaign, and Maybelline, which works with beauty influencers to promote their new products.

Pros

  • Enables brands to connect on a more personal level with their audience.

  • Helps build customer trust and brand credibility, while expanding your brand’s reach. 

  • Provides access to high-quality user-generated content. 

  • Delivers targeted marketing.

Cons

  • A potentially expensive endeavor as costs can vary greatly, depending on factors like the influencer’s following size and reach, campaign scope, and the industry you’re in.

  • Collaborating with the wrong influencers or influencers producing low-quality content can potentially harm your brand. 


Additional Digital Marketing Elements to Consider

Aside from the digital marketing types we mentioned, here are some additional digital marketing elements that are worth looking into in 2024:

Lead Nurturing

Lead nurturing focuses on building relationships with your audience throughout the customer journey. It is crucial for building brand awareness, fostering interactions with prospects, and driving conversions. This digital marketing element primarily relies on data to enable brands to deliver personalized customer experiences. 

One stellar example of effective lead nurturing in action is how VirtaMed used HubSpot to create a personalized buyer’s journey, align their marketing and sales, and optimize their lead nurturing process. This resulted in a 39% increase in traffic and an 18% increase in organic traffic.

VirtaMed used HubSpot
HubSpot: VirtaMed 

Native Advertising

Native advertising is a flexible component of digital marketing that brands can utilize across various channels, such as search engines and social media. Essentially, native ads blend into the content of the platform they're on, resembling the platform's regular content rather than standing out as typical advertisements. This tactic is used by numerous global brands like Mercedes Benz. Mercedes' native ad on the Washington Post's website didn't look like a standard ad. Instead, it was designed to resemble an interactive article, weaving seamlessly into the website's content.

Washington Post Mercedes advertising
Washington Post

Chatbot Marketing

Chatbot marketing involves the use of chatbots to promote your brand’s offerings. Aside from helping you with customer support, chatbots are versatile tools that customers can use to make and track orders. This can also help businesses respond promptly to customer queries, boost customer engagement, bolster lead nurturing, and efficiently share news and updates with their target audience. Some of the best examples of chatbot marketing being used in eCommerce include efforts by the Bank of America and L’Oréal


Remarketing/Retargeting

This strategy focuses on re-engaging with audiences who have shown interest in your brand before, to inspire specific actions from them. For example, if you’re an eCommerce business, you may have customers who add products to their cart but don’t complete their purchase. You can use the information they provided, such as their email address, to retarget them by reminding them about their cart. 


Display Advertising

Display advertising refers to static online ads. Unlike other ad types, display ads use compelling copy coupled with visually appealing graphics, as well as specific display ad sizes. Many brands use these to grow their reach, build brand awareness, and retarget customers. Display ads provide measurable results and can be integrated with other digital marketing channels. 


Voice Search Optimization

Voice search refers to the use of speech recognition technology to aid users in their online searches. Instead of manually inputting their queries, they can “speak” to devices like smartphones or smart speakers, which use speech recognition software to convert these spoken queries into text. Businesses can use voice search to boost their local marketing efforts. For instance, by optimizing their profiles in business directories like Google Business, they can increase their visibility in voice search results. Hence, when a user speaks a command like “restaurant near me”, the optimized businesses are more likely to appear in the search results.

Voice search optimization can enhance your brand’s visibility, provide users with better experiences, and drive engagement and conversions, giving you a competitive advantage. For brands to effectively incorporate this into their digital marketing strategies, they need to create content that emulates a natural-sounding tone that ranks for voice search. 


Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR) Marketing

VR and AR enable brands to deliver more engaging immersive experiences to their customers. From being used for virtual tours to virtual try-ons, these extended reality technologies can provide your customers with novel experiences. 

As VR and AR technologies become increasingly common, you may consider adding them to your digital marketing strategy but it’s best to do your research first. See which devices are appropriate for your product and niche and determine how such technologies will fit your digital marketing strategy and how these can help you achieve your objectives. 

Some of the brands using VR and AR in marketing include GSK, McDonald’s, Walmart, IKEA, and Gucci.